Social Affairs Ministry Conducts Natural Disaster Evacuation Simulation in Pacitan

Saturday, 11-September-2021 16:46

Indonesian Minister of Social Affairs Tri Rismaharini, also known as Risma
Image : Indonesian Ministry of Social Affairs
Indonesian Minister of Social Affairs Tri Rismaharini, also known as Risma

PACITAN, NETRALNEWS.COM - Together with other community members in Pacitan Regency, Indonesian Minister of Social Affairs Tri Rismahari ran to higher ground. Under the pouring rain, they moved swiftly towards the nearest hill.

They only had 20 minutes before the life-threatening tsunami came. This was a simulation. The simulation also involved personnel such as Tagana disaster preparedness cadets, equipment such as tents, sleeping mats, food, Public Kitchen Vehicles, and water tanker trucks.

The action of the Minister of Social Affairs and Pacitan residents is part of the simulation of the evacuation of the Pacitan community facing the threat of an earthquake and tsunami.

"The simulation is carried out in Pacitan because it is here that the impact of the disaster is calculated to be the highest. Hopefully it doesn't happen. But if it does happen, it is hoped that the impact can be minimized," said the Minister of Social Affairs in her presentation at Tamperan Pier, Pacitan (09/11/2021).

The Minister of Social Affairs emphasized the speed of evacuation of residents when a disaster occurs. After testing the evacuation, Tri Rismaharini, also known as Risma, gave a message to Tagana, Community Social Workers (PSM), and District Social Welfare Workers (TKSK) to ensure more detailed evacuation routes, including in the middle of a densely populated city.

"Make sure you make a more detailed simulation of where people should save themselves. Take into account the elderly who are displaced, with only about 20 minutes," said the Minister of Social Affairs.

Risma also advised local governments and social pillars to pay serious attention to saving vulnerable groups, including the elderly. "Give them a spot where they live. This will facilitate the evacuation steps," said the Minister of Social Affairs.

On this occasion, the Minister of Social Affairs, together with the Head of the Meteorology, Climatology and Geophysics Agency (BMKG) Dwikorita Karnawati, and the Regent of Pacitan Indrata Nur Bayuaji, headed to the designated evacuation points. The Minister of Social Affairs led a small meeting to verify data maps with ground conditions on the riverbank in the Babakan Hamlet, Kembang Village.

To the Regent, the Minister of Social Affairs advised to prepare evacuation routes and public gathering points. The small meeting agreed that there would be 12 evacuation points for residents, which becomes information for the Ministry of Social Affairs to send buffer stock.

The evacuation simulation activity to deal with the earthquake and tsunami disaster in Pacitan Regency is part of the disaster mitigation measures. Disaster mitigation efforts are carried out by taking into account the results of a study by the Meteorology, Climatology and Geophysics Agency (BMKG).

On several occasions, Head of BMKG Dwikorita Karnawati said that based on BMKG research and modeling, the southern region of East Java has a large potential for earthquake disasters. The areas that are predicted to be affected by natural disasters are Pacitan, Tulungagung, Trenggalek, Blitar, South Malang, Lumajang, and Banyuwangi.

Although no tools have been found that can accurately predict when a disaster will occur, the Minister of Social Affairs emphasized that serious, planned and organized efforts are needed to improve the preparedness of the public and the government to face the possibility of a disaster.Risma said the simulation of public evacuation facing the threat of an earthquake and tsunami today is a form of real and serious steps in dealing with disasters. "I have also ordered the ranks to periodically and in a planned manner carry out socialization of disaster mitigation in vulnerable areas, including Pacitan," said the Minister of Social Affairs.

The Ministry of Social Affairs' next step is to establish Disaster Preparedness Areas (KSB) in several areas in Southern Java. In Pacitan, five KSBs have been established. As part of efforts to improve disaster preparedness, KSB conducts periodic simulations involving vulnerable groups, namely women, the elderly, people with disabilities, and children.

"The establishment of the KSB in Pacitan Regency is intended to train the public to carry out independent evacuations before aid comes when a disaster occurs," said the Minister of Social Affairs.

In this activity, the simulation was conducted on Saturday, September 11, 2021, at 10.00 local time, an earthquake with a magnitude of 8.7, epicenter 300 km southeast of Pacitan and a depth of 19 km. The earthquake caused a tsunami that affected the entire coast of East Java, including the Pacitan area, with a tsunami wave height of 25-28 m above sea level on the coast.

The arrival time of the tsunami waves was 26 minutes after the earthquake shock. It takes a maximum of 5 minutes for the dissemination of early warnings, so the golden time (time left for evacuation) is 22 minutes. The tsunami waves entered a maximum of 6 km into Pacitan City, reaching several strategic and vital places. The water level varies from 22 m in the beach/coastal area, 11-17 m in the riverbank area, 6-11 m in the central area (including the Alun-Alun), and 10-12 m on the Grindulu Riverbank.

Reporter : turkhan
Editor : turkhan