JAKARTA, NNC - Crimes of trafficking and exploitation of children include transnational crimes against humanity that undermine human dignity and work across cities and regions, and between countries by involving organized syndicates, said Chairman of the Indonesian Child Protection Commission (KPAI) Susanto, Monday (10/22/2018).
"In 2018 the mode is more complicated and difficult to identify. In the KPAI's records the case includes the mail order bride mode," Susanto said.
The case of the mail order bride mode is allegedly rampant on the border of West Kalimantan and West Java, Purwakarta. Of the 16 victims, three of them were under the age of 18, and until now have not been returned from China.
Next, prostitution involving minors is now facilitated by social media. As was the case in the Kalibata City Apartment case in South Jakarta, where many teenagers were prostituted and teenagers became adult massage therapists by using advertisements on social media controlled by pimps.
As of September 2018, KPAI data shows that the number of trafficking and exploitation of children is dominated by prostitution by as many as 80 cases. The figure was then followed by 75 cases of workers exploitation, 57 cases of child commercial sexual exploitation and 52 cases of trafficking victims.
All of these cases occurred despite the prohibition on human trafficking that has been regulated in accordance with the mandate of the Law (UU) No. 21 of 2007 concerning the Eradication of Crime of Human Trafficking with a maximum sanction of 15 years and required to pay restitution. As well as Law Number 35 of 2014 concerning protection of children with a maximum sanction of 15 years and fines.