JAKARTA, NETRALNEWS.COM - WWF Indonesia says the effort to grow the Sumatran tiger (panthera tigris sumatrae) population is constrained by the existence of "sacs" of forest areas that become the habitat of this endangered species that is increasingly being under threat.
Aditya Bayunanda, Director of Policy, Sustainability and Transformation at WWF Indonesia, said that the achievement of double tiger (TX2) program target is still being pursued in Indonesia.
According to him, the addition of Sumatran tiger population can occur quickly considering the way these animals breed similarly to domestic cats at home. "It's just a matter of how to make sure that the habitat is not reduced, and these animals are not hunted and not killed because of the conflict, that's the key for tigers," Aditya.
Aditya added that the government should be more firm in determining which forest areas should be protected and there should be no compromise for the habitats of this endangered species. The habitat protection for Sumatran tigers must be strongly implemented, as illegal logging, hunting and land conversion are still occurring.
"The remaining forest pockets in Sumatra must be properly guarded, let alone the wide range of tiger ranges out of the forest area, the concession holders whose territory there is the tiger should be proactive to guard, as there are still many traps that may not actually be for tigers, but affect tigers, "said Aditya.
Tiger hunting is still there, and the latest case occurred in the area of Bukit Tiga Puluh National Park. Although law enforcement is strengthened, according to him, will not give a deterrent effect because the punishment is still relatively mild.
If indeed the Sumatran tiger became an icon of Indonesia should have punishment for the perpetrators of this crime punished heavier. Because all this time, according to him, the hunt is still seen not a normal crime.
"Frankly, for Indonesia the trend (tiger population) is declining. A few years ago the population reached 400, now it is below that, only reaching 371 tigers," Aditya said.
WWF data said the total number of tigers from 11 countries that still have these endangered species reached 3,890 individuals. Of a number of countries only India and Nepal have so far managed to raise tiger populations.
"Tiger population decline occurred in Indonesia, Malaysia, China, while in Russia the tiger population numbers began to flatten," said Aditya.