JAKARTA, NNC - The United Nations (UN) World Health Organization (WHO) says hospitals, organizations and studies show that the burden of expenses for breast cancer is on the rise as more and more patients are diagnosed at an advanced stage.
Based on WHO data cited in Jakarta, Wednesday (7/11/2018), nearly 50 percent of cases of breast cancer and 58 percent of cancer deaths occur in developing countries.
According to medical records from the Dharmais Cancer Hospital, nearly 85 percent of breast cancer patients come to the hospital in an advanced stage.
Chairman of the Indonesian Breast Cancer Foundation (YKPI) Linda Gumelar also estimates that 70 percent of breast cancer patients are diagnosed at advanced stages.
In addition, in the ASEAN Cost In Oncology study (ACTION) said the majority of breast cancer patients were diagnosed with stage III cancer by 37 percent, stage II was 37.7 percent, and stage IV was 21 percent, whereas only 7.3 percent were diagnosed at stage I.
Doctor of Hematology-Medical Oncology at Dharmais Cancer Hospital, Dr. dr Nugroho Prayogo, SpPD-KHOM said the life expectancy of a person in stage 0 breast cancer is 100 percent, in stage I 98 percent, stage II 88 percent, stage III 52 percent, and at stage IV 16 percent.
In an ACTION study conducted by the Goerge Institute for Global Health in analyzing the financial burden caused by cancer in eight Southeast Asian countries, it was mentioned that the diagnosis of cancer has the potential to become a financial disaster in a family.
In Indonesia, 70 percent of cancer patients die or have financial difficulties within the first year of diagnosis.