Monday, 23 September 2019 | 18:17 WIB

Here is What You Need to Know about Hiccups

Here is What You Need to Know about Hiccups (shutterstock)

JAKARTA, NETRALNEWS.COM - Hiccups, like those experienced by vice presidential candidate Sandiaga Uno, as reported by his team, are usually only minor disturbances, and can recover without treatment, unless they don't stop for a long time.

In some cases, as reported by Medical News Today, hiccups persist for up to a month or even more. The longest hiccup case recorded lasted 60 years.

If the hiccup lasts longer than 48 hours, then the patient must consult with a doctor because they may experience serious medical conditions such as stroke and digestive disorders. Prolonged hiccups also trigger new problems, namely insomnia and depression.

How do hiccups occur?

Hiccups occur due to sudden and unintentional contractions of the diaphragm along with laryngeal contractions and total glottic closure (the place of the vocal cords).

This condition results in a sudden flow of air into the lungs, and a "hik" sound appears.

Can lifestyle factors cause hiccups?

There are a number of lifestyle factors that contribute to hiccups, such as consuming hot and spicy foods that irritate the phrenic nerves that are located near the esophagus. Eating too much may cause flatulence. Gas in the stomach can suppress the diaphragm.

Other causes, drink soda, hot liquids, or alcoholic beverages, especially carbonated drinks and experience stress or strong emotions.


The cause of prolonged hiccups?

There are a number of conditions that cause hiccups to persist, including digestive conditions including inflammatory bowel disease, small bowel obstruction, or gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD).

In addition, it can also be pneumonia or asthma, conditions that affect the central nervous system (CNS), including traumatic brain injury, encephalitis, brain tumors, or strokes.

Then, a condition that irritates the vagus nerve, such as meningitis, pharyngitis, or goiter, a psychological reaction, including sadness, excitement, anxiety, stress, hysterical behavior, or shock.

Other causes, conditions that affect metabolism, include hyperglycemia, hypoglycemia, or diabetes, liver and kidney problems.

Or it could also be due to cancer and side effects of treatments such as chemotherapy, bladder irritation, pancreatitis, pregnancy.

Surgery, tumors and lesions can also be a risk factor for prolonged hiccups.