Thursday, 12 December 2019 | 12:14 WIB

Hypertension Leads to Cardiovascular Diseases

Hypertension Leads to Cardiovascular Diseases (hipertensi)

JAKARTA, NETRALNEWS.COM - Heart and blood vessel disease (cardiovascular) is a major health problem in both developed and developing countries. Hypertension is the number one cause of death in the world every year.

Hypertension is one of the most common and most common cardiovascular diseases.

"Hypertension is now a major problem for all of us, not only in Indonesia but in the world, because hypertension is one of the entry points or risk factors for diseases such as heart disease, kidney failure, diabetes, stroke," said Director of Prevention and Control of Non-Communicable Diseases at the Indonesia Ministry of Health Dr. Cut Putri Arianie, MH Kes.

Data from the World Health Organization (WHO) in 2015 showed that around 1.13 billion people in the world had hypertension, meaning that 1 in 3 people in the world were diagnosed with hypertension. The number of people with hypertension continues to increase every year, estimated that by 2025 there will be 1.5 billion people affected by hypertension, and it is estimated that every year 9.4 million people die from hypertension and its complications.

The Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) in 2017 states that the risk factors for premature death and disability in the world are based on the Disability Adjusted Life Year's (DAILYs) number for all age groups.

Based on these DAILYs, the three highest risk factors for men were smoking, increased systolic blood pressure, and increased sugar levels. While the risk factors in women are increased systolic blood pressure, increased blood sugar levels and high BMI,

According to the 2014 Sample Registration System (SRS) data, complications with hypertension (5.3%) were the cause of death number 5 (five) at all ages. While based on International Health Metrics Monitoring and Evaluation (IHME) data for 2017 in Indonesia, the cause of death is first caused by stroke, followed by ischemic heart disease, diabetes, tuberculosis, cirrhosis, diarrhea, COPD, Alzheimer's, lower respiratory tract infections and disorders neonatal and traffic accidents.

Health Social Security Agency (BPJS) data states that the cost of hypertension services has increased every year, namely in 2016 amounting to 2.8 trillion rupiah, 2017 and 2018 amounting to 3 trillion rupiah.

Based on research in 2018, the prevalence of hypertension based on the results of measurements for residents aged ≥18 years was 34.1%, the highest in South Kalimantan (44.1%), while the lowest in Papua was (22.2%). Hypertension occurred in the age group 31-44 years (31.6%), age 45-54 years (45.3%), age 55-64 years (55.2%).

From the prevalence of hypertension at 34.1% it was found that 8.8% were diagnosed with hypertension and 13.3% of people diagnosed with hypertension did not take medication and 32.3% did not routinely take medication. This shows that the majority of hypertension sufferers do not know that they are hypertension so they do not get treatment.