Thursday, 06 May 2021 | 03:40 WIB

Hypertension, the Silent Killer in Indonesia

Hypertension, the Silent Killer in Indonesia (thebluediamondgallery)

JAKARTA, NETRALNEWS.COM - Hypertension is referred to as the silent killer because it often occurs without complaints. This makes the sufferer not know he is suffering from hypertension and is only known after complications occur.

Organ damage due to complications from hypertension will depend on the amount of increase in blood pressure and the length of the condition that is undiagnosed and untreated blood pressure.

Doctor of the Indonesian Hypertension Association Dr. Tunggul Situmorang SpPD-KGH, FINASIM said high blood pressure is the main cause of death in the world but also a major burden so this is a global problem.

"All organs that have blood vessels will be damaged by hypertension, like the brain. "The organs of the body that are targeted include the brain, eyes, heart, kidneys, and can also affect peripheral arteries," said Dr. Tunggul recently in Jakarta.

Hypertension can be prevented by controlling risky behaviors such as smoking, unhealthy diets such as lack of consumption of vegetables and fruits and consumption of sugar, salt and excess fat, obesity, lack of physical activity, excessive alcohol consumption and stress.

Basic Health Research Data (Riskesdas) in 2018 showed that residents aged 15 years and over obtained risk factor data such as the proportion of people who eat less vegetables and fruits at 95.5%, the proportion of less physical activity 35.5%, the proportion of smoking 29.3%, the proportion of central obesity is 31% and the general obesity proportion is 21.8%. The data above shows an increase when compared with the 2013 Riskesdas data.

Efforts that have been made in the prevention and control of hypertension include improving health promotion through IEC in controlling hypertension with "INTELLIGENT" and "COMPLIANCE" behaviors; improve community-based hypertension prevention and control with "Self Awareness" through regular blood pressure measurements; strengthening health services, especially Hypertension.

From the prevalence of hypertension of 34.1% it was found that 8.8% were diagnosed with hypertension and 13.3% of people diagnosed with hypertension did not take medication and 32.3% did not routinely take medication. This shows that the majority of hypertension sufferers do not know that they are hypertension so they do not get treatment.

Reasons for Hypertension patients not taking drugs include hypertension sufferers feeling healthy (59.8%), irregular visits to health facilities (31.3%), taking traditional medicine (14.5%), using other therapies (12.5%). ), forgot to take medication (11.5%), was unable to buy medicine (8.1%), there were drug side effects (4.5%), and Hypertension drugs were not available in Health Facilities (2%).