Thursday, 28 May 2020 | 21:59 WIB

Smoking Plays Role in the Rise of Non-Communicable Diseases

Smoking Plays Role in the Rise of Non-Communicable Diseases (ntv)

BOGOR, NETRALNEWS.COM - Oscar Primadi, Secretary General of the Indonesia Ministry of Health, says cigarette smoking has contributed to the increase in cases of non-communicable diseases in Indonesia.

"The trend of non-communicable diseases have risen by more than 70 percent. Nationally, non-communicable diseases cause a greater loss of productive years than infectious diseases," Oscar said.

Based on the 2018 Basic Health Research, non-communicable diseases occupy the highest position in 34 provinces in Indonesia, mostly in the form of stroke, heart attack, chronic respiratory illness, and diabetes mellitus.

Oscar said the rise in non-communicable diseases usually occurs due to high blood pressure and high blood sugar levels, which are triggered by unhealthy behaviors such as unhealthy diets and smoking habits.

"The Indonesian Health Program with the Family Approach found families with members, one of whom smoked, reaching 55.6 percent. Therefore, there needs to be efforts to control tobacco consumption in Indonesia," he said.

Data from the World Health Organization (WHO) shows there are 15 million deaths between the ages of 30 and 69 years worldwide each year.

A total of 7.2 million deaths are caused by tobacco consumption, and 70 percent of them occur in developing countries, including Indonesia.

Meanwhile, data from the Health Insurance Administering Agency (BPJS) in 2018 said that catastrophic disease caused health expenditure to reach IDR20.4 trillion, or 21.6 percent of total expenditure.

"As much as 51.5 percent of the 21.6 percent, or IDR10.5 trillion, are for for the treatment of heart disease, and 16.7 percent or IDR3.4 trillion for the treatment of cancer," BPJS noted, as reported by Antara.