JAKARTA, NETRALNEWS.COM - Infants who are malnourished in the first 1,000 days of life have intellectual or IQ capabilities that are 10 points lower than normal children whose nutrition are fulfilled, says child specialist Damayanti Rusli Sjarif.
Damayanti, who is a pediatrician at Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital (RSCM), said nutritional fulfillment in the first 1,000 days of life is divided into 270 days of gestation and 730 days after delivery until the age of two years.
Damayanti also explains the study that mentions that a person at the age of 40 years who has experienced malnutrition or malnutrition during the children, 65 percent have an IQ of only 90 or equivalent of junior high school, and 20 percent have an IQ 70 that includes mild mental disorders.
Unfulfilled fetal nutrition until the age of two years can also cause stunting in children.
Damayanti explained that stunting has an effect on cognitive ability that inhibits bone growth to the child's brain. The stunting child will have problems with his memory, problems with the lessons as well as his motor sensors.
He said children who have malnutrition conditions can still be improved by providing adequate intake of nutrients.
However Damayanti explained that children who have malnutrition ability still can not exceed children with nutrition fulfilled.
Children who experience stunting is also potentially obese as adults and easily contracting non-communicable diseases.
Damayanti also revealed nutritional problems in Indonesia is malnutrition and excess nutrients that cause obesity.