JAKARTA, NETRALNEWS.COM - Various diseases can affect postmenopausal women. The effects of menopause are often the focus of attention when women enter old age. These include hot flashes, mood disorders, vaginal dryness, as well as the increased risk of several diseases such as osteoporosis and heart disease.
As reported from various health page sources, the following diseases can affect post-menopausal women.
Low estrogen can increase insulin resistance and trigger the desire to eat snacks, which causes weight gain. Therefore, post menopause weomen are likely to suffer from diabetes. You will be more susceptible to diabetes if you already have a hereditary factor for diabetes, a history of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (which is associated with insulin resistance), gestational diabetes, or being overweight.
The American Diabetes Association recommends that women undergo routine health tests every 3 years, starting at the age of 45, especially if overweight.
2. Autoimmune conditions
Women are more likely to suffer from autoimmune disorders compared to men, and menopausal women are very susceptible to the condition. The risk of developing autoimmune diseases such as lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, Graves' disease, scleroderma, and thyroiditis increases after menopause, according to a study in the journal Expert Review of Obstetrics and Gynecology, although the reasons are unclear.
Although experts do not know for sure why, but recent research has focused on a subset of immune cells that pump out antibodies, and bind and attack body tissues. The results, according to a 2011 study, have found higher levels in female mice and in people with autoimmune diseases.
3. Joint pain
According to the North American Menopause Society, stiff and aching joints will occur along with aging, but these complaints tend to be experienced by postmenopausal people. Inflammation caused by hormonal changes can be the cause. "Estrogen has an anti-inflammatory effect, so when the body lacks estrogen, there is a greater inflammatory response," Warren said. The relationship between estrogen and inflammation has been stated in studies, so hormone replacement therapy will be able to relieve joint pain.
4. Hepatitis C
Researchers from Montefiore Medical Center and Albert Einstein College of Medicine in New York, found that women who develop persistent hepatitis C (which lasts for 6 months or more), are postmenopausal women. Experts suspect that estrogen can protect the body from liver damage which can cause the entry of a chronic virus, so that if we lose estrogen we will lose that protection, and the virus can do more damage.
5. Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)
Estrogen plays a significant role in the bladder system, by maintaining tissue elasticity and strengthening the bladder wall cells to prevent bacteria from escaping. So, when estrogen decreases, you may experience certain urinary symptoms, including a higher risk of UTI. A 2013 study from the Washington University School of Medicine, confirmed that UTI was more common after menopause, with ¼ women experiencing recurrent infections.
6. Heart and blood vessel disease
When estrogen levels decrease, the risk of developing heart disease will increase. Heart disease is a leading cause of death in women and men. So it's important to get regular exercise, eat healthy foods, and maintain a normal body weight.