Vitamins and Minerals Can Help Improve Immune System's Response Capability
Thursday, 02-September-2021 23:23
JAKARTA, NETRALNEWS.COM - Clinical nutrition specialist from the Faculty of Medicine at Universitas Indonesia, dr. Arti Indira, Mgizi, Sp.Gk, FINEM, said that vitamins and minerals play a role in helping the body's immune response which can be chaotic due to infection attributed to the virus that causes COVID-19.
The SARS-CoV-2 virus or the cause of COVID-19 will trigger an increase in inteleukin, a protein cytokine that functions as a messenger to activate the immune system, as well as TNF alpha and interferon, which are natural proteins that the body produces in response to harmful compounds. Meanwhile, on the one hand, natural killer cells and T cells are reduced.
"By consuming or including sources of vitamins and minerals such as vitamin C, it can modulate cytokines in the body so that interleukins decrease, especially interleukin 6 (IL-6), and increase interleukin 10 (IL-10)," she said in a webinar on Thursday (09/02/2021).
Arti said that in addition to vitamin C, there are also vitamin E and selenium which play a role in the body's defense by increasing cell strength. Zinc, with a dual role in addition to maintaining the body's defense, can also directly help interfere with viral replication. This is the reason this mineral is often referred to as an antiviral that acts directly against the virus that causes COVID-19.
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On the other hand, there is also vitamin D which plays a role in the body's immune system as an immunomodulator to help reduce inflammation and the incidence of upper respiratory tract infections.
"Consumption of vitamin D from food sources, and increase intake of this vitamin by sunbathing and supplementation," said Arti.
Optimally, the level of vitamin D in the body is 40-60 ng/mL. To ensure that these levels are adequate, Arti recommends that you check the levels of vitamin D and minerals in your blood through laboratory tests before starting therapy.
"We want optimal immunity, but if you carelessly take vitamin and mineral supplements, the levels may become excessive, reaching the toxic dose or upper limit," said Arti, as reported by Antara.
Adequate nutritional intake, including vitamins and minerals, is recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO) to maintain and increase immune system to prevent from getting COVID-19.
In addition to nutritional intake, people are also advised to maintain adequate hydration, adopt a balanced diet, reduce sugar, fat, and salt, exercise regularly, ensure that people have sufficient rest time, avoid stress, and continue to follow health protocols to prevent the transmission of COVID 19.
Reporter : turkhan
Editor : turkhan